Bwindi Impenetrable forest
Bwindi impenetrable Forest is located in the south-western part of Uganda. The park is the main habitant for the world’s endangered species mountain Gorillas. Bwindi impenetrable forest is situated along Democratic Republic of Congo bordering the Virunga National Park at the edge of the Albertine Rift. The park is composed of 331 square kilometers of the Montane and lowland forest; the forest can be accessible on foot. Bwindi is a World Heritage site.
The park is not only a home to the mountain Gorillas, however the park also is a habitat for the 130 species of mammals,350 species of birds,230 species of butterflies,27 species of frogs, geckos, chameleon and many more to spot in Bwindi. The park is included among the most diverse forest in East Africa, with over 1000 flowering plant species, that include 163 species of trees and 106 species of ferns.
The park is also a sanctuary for the chimpanzees, Colobus monkeys, with birds including as turacos and hornbills.
The park has over 400 mountain Gorillas, which are half of the world’s population of the endangered mountain Gorillas.
The mountain Gorillas in the park have 14 habituated mountain Gorillas that are open to tourism in four different sectors of Buhoma, Rushaga, Ruhija, Nkuringo these are under the Uganda Wildlife Authority.
Bwindi impenetrable National park is a crown of forest Reserves, the northern part is reserved with combined and enlarged .The area is covered by 298 square kilometers under a joint control of Uganda government forest department. Bwindi became an animal sanctuary in the 1964, this was to provide protection for the mountain Gorillas, renaming it the impenetrable central Forest Reserve.
The forest reserves became the main reserve thus increasing its area to 330 square kilometers. The park is managed by forest reserve and game sanctuary.
In 1991 Bwindi impenetrable Forest Reserve, which is along Mgahinga Gorilla Reserve and Rwenzori Mountain Reserve. The was also once a home to the Batwa people these were the first people to inhabit the forest ranges.
Batwa pygmy are no longer permitted to enter into the forest or to access its resources, since now it’s only inhabits the mountain Gorillas, mammals, birds, trees and many more.
Gorilla trekking started as a tourist activity in 1993; the park became a tourist destination.
Bwindi Forest is a tropical climate, the rain occurs from March to April and September to November.
Bwindi impenetrable Forest a world heritage site, the park has the richest population of trees, reptiles, birds, moths and butterflies.
Bwindi impenetrable forest has an estimation of 120 mammal species, 11 primates, along mountain Gorillas Chimpanzees, African elephants, L’Hoests, cream banded swallowtail, red-tailed monkeys, Vervets, black and white colobus, giant forest hog and a number of small antelope species.
A number carnivore including African golden cat, jackal, African Civet, 350 bird species, 200 butterflies and many more.
Mountain Gorillas feed on fruits, the Gorillas, silverbacks are likely to climb trees to feed on foliage, fruits. Bwindi Mountain Gorillas travel farther per day than the Virunga Gorillas.
It takes 540km from Kampala the capital city of Uganda, the park’s main entry point is Entebbe international-airport which is 46km.
You can reach Bwindi forest by Air from Entebbe or Kajjansi Airfield to the airstrip at Kisoro.
Queen Elizabeth National park can be reached from Queen Elizabeth National park which is about 160km from Bwindi in 3 hours.
Kampala to Kabale through Kanugu to Buhoma, the highway route is 414km taking 5-6hours.
Kampala -Ntugamo-Rukungiri-Kahihi-Buhoma of about 390km of tarmac and 82km of Murram roads.
Kampala-Ruhija-Buhoma 95km route, Kampala -Kabale-Nkuringo 80km route.