Coffee Plantation in Uganda : Uganda’s economy relies 85% on Agriculture. The pearl of Africa produces both food and cash crops, for local consumption and export. The major cash crop grown is coffee which is planted in different regions in the country. Coffee growth, process, and export are the citizens and government major sources of revenue with millions of bags exported every year. Uganda’s main export is coffee contributing to large proportion to its international revenue. Arabicca coffee and robusta coffee are the only varieties of coffee grown in Uganda with Robusta grown more than Arabicca in the ratio of 4:1 respectively. These coffees are grown in the four regions of Uganda where conditions are favourable. The presence of the fertile soils and reliable rainfall on the highland areas, Arabicca coffee is majorly around the slopes of the Mountains; Elgon, Rwenzori, and Muhavura with an altitude of 1500 above sea level. Robusta is grown in all the region’s of Uganda originating from the Lake Victoria crescent. Robusta is grown in the Eastern, central, western and central parts of the country with an altitude of 1200metres above the sea , Arabicca growns mainly in areas with an altitude of 1500 meters majorly in the Eastern part. These regions have favorable conditions that boost and nourish the coffees to be of good quality as usual making Uganda’s coffee of competitive advantage in the international market due to its exceptional aroma. Many homesteads grow coffee to improve their livelihood with a view of sustaining themselves and their families.
Coffee in Uganda is grown among other crops in some homesteads like intercooling it with bananas, beans in large plantations. uganda has a lot of coffee growing plantations with kaweri as the largest plantation and pioneer of the first coffee washing machine in Uganda since 2001, its located in the central region, Kampala, with great beauty.it produces good quality robusta coffee that’s exported to Europe contributing to their cappuccino. The rainforest surrounding the plantation and its strategic location is a great boost to its coffee, since it lies along the equator receiving two wet and dry seasons. kaweri plantation wouldn’t do it by itself if not for its hardworking workers. this plantation also participates in community welfare as an act of giving back to the community interms of clean water sustainable programs, employment including daily jobs of picking , pruning of the coffee plants.
The “woman women’s cooperative ” plantation in western Uganda within queen Elizabeth national game park, producing both Arabica and robusta coffees that are taken care of by their very own woman women. These women were determined to put food on their tables and improve on the livelihood of their families. The plantation is pleasant and taking a tour around is is more appreciated by the coffee lovers. the coffee is produced and packaged by the women themselves. They have over 1500 trees of Arabica and robusta coffee plants.t his coffee is produced naturally, no application of any artificial fertilizers and pesticides, purely natural.
There are many plantations in Mbale district in the Eastern region, mainly intercropped with other crops like Bananas, beans to sustain them since coffee is a perennial crop. located mainly on the slopes of mountain Elgon, some of them are found in the kapchorwa district, these growers apply fertilizers to the coffee plants, when coffee is cherry, it’s picked up, grind ,washed and dried then roasted or sold immediately after drying depending on the market requirements. The captivating view of sipi falls opens out these coffee plantations to the travelers who come to sipi falls in kapchorwa. The pleasant aroma of the coffee attracts so many travelers who participate in grinding and also tasting the coffee.